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Hydraulic System Operation


The hydraulic industry is constantly changing and evolving. Today, equipment is being pushed to the limit like never before, and the industry’s high standards demand increased productivity, longer component life, more uptime, improved ROI and greater safety. These issues will continue today and in the future. For those new to the hydraulic industry, you might be learning about these issues at the same time as learning about how a hydraulic system operates.  

So, what exactly is hydraulics? Modern hydraulics is the use of a confined liquid to transmit power, multiply force or produce motion. The basis of any hydraulic system operation and fluid power is Pascal’s Law. This law states that pressure applied on a confined fluid is transmitted in all directions with equal force on equal areas. This is physics in action!

The basic components of a hydraulic system include:  

Fluid: Can be almost any liquid. The most common liquid is specially compounded petroleum oil that lubricates and protects the components of the system from corrosion.

Reservoir: Acts as a storehouse for the fluid as well as a heat dissipater.

Hydraulic Pump: Converts the mechanical energy into hydraulic energy by forcing hydraulic fluid under pressure from the reservoir into the system.

Fluid Lines
: Transports the fluid to and from the pump through the hydraulic system. Lines can be rigid or flexible hose assemblies made for both pressure or vacuum.

Hydraulic Valves
: Controls or directs the pressure and flow rate of the hydraulic fluid.

Filters:  Help remove contaminates and clean the oil on a continuous basis.

Actuator: Converts hydraulic energy into mechanical energy to do the work (rotary hydraulic motor or hydraulic cylinders).

Gates Hydraulics has been powering progress for a wide range of industries for years. Our hydraulic hose systems excel even under the toughest conditions. Whether you’re in need of hose, couplings or crimpers, Gates’ hydraulic products are engineered for high performance and cost savings. For more information, click here.



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